Sports for Academic Credit At University Of Ghana
COURSE OUTLINES (THEORY)
SPAC 210 BASIC ANATOMY 2 credits
The course introduces students to the study of the human body in stand and in motion.
To define the anatomic parts in 3-dimensional space.
To describe the human body and how it works in motion and in stand.
Introduction to the history of Anatomy. General constitution of the human body and its shape.
Anatomical positions. Locomotor system. Muscular system. Nervous system. Respiratory system.
Digestive system. Reproductive system. Excretory system. Cardiovascular system. Endocrine
system. Blood system and immunity. Metabolism.
SPAC 220 SOCIOLOGY OF SPORTS 2 credits
The course analyzes human interaction and studies the application of scientific methods in the
observation and analysis of social phenomenon in sports.
To provide candidates with opportunities to learn the basic elements of sociology as an
analytical behavioral science. It also assists students in developing an awareness of the processes
involved in human interaction.
To define the basic knowledge of sociology and theories of social life.
Theories in sociology, Theories about sports and society. Sports and socialization.Current status of
sociology of sports. Sports and aggression among spectators. Sports and global political processes.
SPAC 230 SPORTS THEORY 2 credits
This course focuses on the theory behind the practice of sports such as skill analysis and coaching
To familiarize students with the knowledge of the theories in sports coaching, organization and
Skill analysis and acquisition. Motivation techniques. Teaching progression. Coaching methods.
Game Management. Ethical behavior and qualities of professionals in the field of sports.
SPAC 240 SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY 2 credits
This course provides basic principles of physiology of exercise, and the physiological effects on
the human organism under different intensities, duration and environment.
To acquaint students with the knowledge of how the body systems function in athletes during
both wellness and illness/injury. Students will then apply their knowledge in understanding and
recognizing injury and illness in athletes in order to assist in the prevention and care of athletic
injuries and illnesses.
To familiarize students with the knowledge of the organ systems and how each functions in
the physically active individual.
Introduction to physiology. Organ systems – organs that make up each system, functions of each
system. Types of body tissues. Body composition. Effect of exercise on body systems. Common
sports injuries pertaining to the body systems. Energy expenditure and fatigue. Measuring energy
expenditure. Energy expenditure at rest and during exercise. Fatigue and its causes. Exercise in hot
and cold environment: Thermoregulation. Physiological response to exercise in the heat and in the
cold. Acclimatization: Prolonged exposure to altitude.
SPAC 250 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SPORTS 2 credits
The course covers the history of contemporary sports and physical activity. The subject provides
students with reasoning mechanisms, the evolution of sports and the analysis of present realities.
Students should be able:
To define the general streams in the history of sports and physical activity, to understand the
current realities of sports and its social and cultural dynamics.
To appreciate the main actors of modern sport and physical activity, in their social and
To evaluate and analyze behaviours, habits and values of sport and physical activity in
different social contexts.
Genesis of modern sport and physical activity. Medieval and pre-industrial leisure, game and
physical activity. The transition to modern game, culture, performance and education. Theoretical
models of sport. The German example. The French example. The Swedish example. Organization,
dissemination and social discrimination at the turn of the century. Sports and ideology:
interpretation. Basic philosophical issues and sports evolution from local, national and
international events. History of Sports in Ghana, All African Games, Commonwealth Games and
SPAC 260 ELEMENTS OF SPORTS FITNESS 2 credits
This course introduces students to the concept of fitness and wellness and how they relate to
quality of life.
To familiarize students with basic knowledge of diet, exercise, stress management, health and
of total wellness and their impact on maintaining healthy lifestyle.
The concept of fitness and health. The meaning of physical fitness. Component of physical fitness.
The development of the components of physical fitness. Selected lifetime fitness activities. The
concept of wellness. The relationship of fitness to wellness. Exercise and fitness. Principles of
physical activities. Body systems and physical fitness. Weight management. Fitness assessment
and exercise testing for cardio-respiratory fitness, body composition, muscle flexibility. Substance
abuse and sexually transmitted diseases and stress management.
SPAC 310 SPORTS INJURIES 2 credits
This course introduces students to the basic injuries associated with the physical activities and the
methods to prevent them and manage them if they should occur.
This course is intended to provide students with the basic injuries in sports participation; how
to assess them, prevent them and manage them.
To identify the causes of sports injuries and how they can be avoided.
To define knowledge about the general principles of initial treatment of injuries.
Common Fitness/Sports injuries. Prevention of injuries. Treatment and management of injuries.
Tendonitis. Lower back pain. Injuries to lower extremities. Heat stress. Exercise in the cold.
SPAC 320 SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY 2 credits
This course leads students to understand how personality, self conceit, self-esteem, self efficacy
and other psychological characteristics relate to participation and performance in sport and
physical activity. It also helps students analyze and understand motivational bases for sports as
well as barriers to participation and special motivational issues in competitive sports.
To explore core issues and related intervention strategies in working with athletes
and recreational exercisers to enhance performance and participation.
To define motivational bases for sports as well as barriers to participation and special
motivational issues in competitive sports.
Motivation in Sports and Exercise. Attention, Concentration and Cognitive styles. Psychological
benefits of Sports and Exercise. Group Dynamics and Leadership. Strategies for managing arousal
and anxiety in athletic performance.
Principles of goal setting as applied to physical activity participation and performance. Values of
imagery training and how it can be applied in sports and exercise.
SPAC 330 ECONOMICS OF SPORTS 2 credits
Investigates what economics has to say about sports as an economic activity: what tools of
economic analysis apply to sports. Economics of sports focuses on professional and college
To give students the theoretical knowledge of the emergence and growth of commercial
sports and the general characteristics of commercial sports.
Economic motives and the globalization of commercial sports. Media coverage and spectator
interest. The use of sports for global expansion. Owners, sponsors and promoters in commercial
SPAC 340 SPORTS: LAW AND PRACTICE 2 credits
This course examines some of the most common legal problems encountered both on and off the
playing field. It will concentrate on practical issues and will be presented by legal practitioners,
academics and professionals with rich experience in sports management and administration.
This course is intended to familiarize students with the important areas that provide the
foundational principles that drive the outcome of most legal disputes arising in the sports industry.
The Governance of Sports. Contractual relations in sports. Athlete employment contracts. The role
of the agent in professional sports. Legal aspects of sports injuries. Sports marketing, sponsorship
and ambush marketing. Appearance contracts. Constitutional and policy issues in sports. The legal
regulations of doping. Alternative dispute resolution in sport. The legal regulation of sports
Governing Bodies. Antitrust.
SPAC 350 SPORTS NUTRITION 2 credits
An introduction to nutrients and sources, digestive and metabolic processes and the health impact
of nutrient deficiencies and excesses.
To familiarize students with the fundamentals of sports nutrition as it relates to the physically
active. Students will gain an understanding of the importance of sustaining the body with
adequate nutrition through food and dietary supplements.
Students will also discover the sports nutrition products available to fulfill the requirements
of the physically active, ranging from the everyday exercise enthusiast to the serious athlete.
An Introduction to sports nutrition. Basic nutrition essentials for sportsmen/sportswomen.
Preparing the body nutritionally for exercise. Injury and recovery – what happens to the body
during exercise and how to feed it for recovery. Strength and Speed – Nutrition for top athletes.
SPAC 360 PRINCIPLES OF SPORTS PERFORMANCE 2 credits
This course is designed to study issues relating to causes of human performance and motor
behavior over the lifespan.
To familiarize students with the principles underpinning human performances at the same
time as improving their own performances in all spheres of life
To acquaint students with lifestyle management issues and their impact on performance.
Definition of principles. Components of Sports Performance. Internal and External factors of
performance. Principles of human performance. Principles of goal setting. Principles of coaching.
Test and Measurement of motor abilities. Selection in sports. Strategies and Tactics in sports
performance. Psychological and sociological principles in sport performance.
SPAC 370 SPORTS MANAGEMENT 2 credits
This course is designed to provide students with an overview of the basic organizational, and
business principles and structure of sport, fitness and leisure industries.
Students will acquire knowledge necessary to successfully manage any governmental/nongovernmental
The evolution of Sport Management. Scope of Sports Management. Sports Marketing: Strategies
and Tactics. Factors involved in Sports Marketing. Sponsorship of sports events. Strategic
planning and management in sports. Planning, Funding and Managing sports events. Sports
facility management. Leadership in sports organizations.
SPAC 380 SPORTS COMMUNICATION 2 credits
This course introduces students to communication skills necessary for adjustment and success in
The course provides an opportunity for students to learning principles of effective behavior in
reinforce these skills to develop confidence in both spoken and written communications.
Define communication and identify the elements of a communication system
List the various communication media
Identify barriers to effective communication in sports
Explain basic technical jargons in sports
Describe the various communication contexts in sports
Communicate nonverbally in sports
Explain the ethics of sports communication.
The concept of communication & communication theory. Communication media. Barriers to
effective communication in sports. Basic communication skills in sports. (Communication and the
Self, Interpersonal communication (two-persons), Group communication (speaking & leading
discussions), Fundamentals of public speaking, Intercultural communication). Nonverbal
communication in sports. Communications ethic in sports
SPAC 281 – 295 SPORTS SPECIFIC EVENTS/DISCIPLINES (PRACTICALS)
Students will receive instructions in the basic skills, tactics and techniques of the sport.
Students will acquire skills and knowledge necessary for participation as a competitive, fitness or
leisure time activity.
History and development of the game. Basic rules and regulations. Basic Skills. Governing bodies
at local, regional, national and international levels. Organizing sport events